Arachis hypogaea is a plant with many common names including peanut, groundnut, earthnuts, goober peas, monkey nuts, pygmy nuts and pig nuts. Despite it being called a nut, it is a legume that grows up to 50cm tall. It has small yellow flowers 2-4cm across that self-pollinates.
Full sun, moist and sandy-loam soil preferred by this plant. It can grow in sand, loam and clay soils, whether it is acidotic, neutral or alkaline. The peanut has the ability to grow in either very acidic or alkaline soils and although it enjoys moist soils, it cannot stand water logged soils.